Gum treatment (also called periodontics) is a dental specialty that involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics’s of these structures and tissue.
Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is a serious problem experienced by many adults. Although research shows that gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults over the age of 35, it is possible that a much younger person could also develop this concerning condition. Although many factors contribute to gum disease, the most common is plaque.
When plaque builds up on your teeth, it deteriorates the natural fibers that bond your teeth to your gums. This breakdown causes pockets to form where additional bacteria and toxins lurk. Mild cases of gum disease, called gingivitis, cause red, swollen gums and bleeding when brushing. Not all patients experience tenderness or pain with gingivitis. Without proper treatment, gum disease can ultimately destroy your gums, teeth, and even bone. During routine examinations for adult and pediatric patients, Dr. Chepyala will assess the health of gum tissue to ensure gum disease is not present.
In the past, gum surgery was the most frequently used procedure for the elimination of gum disease. Today, it is possible to address this problem quickly and more conservatively. Dr. Chepyala recommends steps such as antibiotics, professional cleaning, and medicated oral rinse before suggesting surgery.
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